There are two basic techniques in 2 rescuer infant cpr. In the first technique, the lay rescuer compresses the infant’s chest with two fingers on either side of the sternum, one inch below the intermammary line. The compressions should be delivered at 100 to 120 compressions per minute. The second technique uses one finger placed on the upper part of the infant’s chest but without compressing the xiphoid process.
First, the victim must be placed in a safe position. If the child is in water, move to a dry area. If the victim is on the pavement, roll the child onto their back. When performing compressions, make sure to check the airway first. Then, start ventilation. The victim should be placed aside safely until they are moved out of the water.
The BLS algorithm for children and infants is similar to that of adult BLS. The infant BLS sequence begins by checking the child’s pulse on the brachial artery. Then, the two rescuers should apply chest compression at about one-third of the depth. The compression technique may involve using the heel of one or both hands. If the child is alone, it is good to activate the emergency response.
When the infant has an emergency, the two rescuers should perform CPR as soon as they arrive. The compression debt ratio must be one-third of the chest depth. If the child has been unconscious for more than half a minute, the two rescuers should perform three sets of compressions every minute. It is essential to observe the patient during the first few minutes. The next step is to move the child to another location to initiate the life-saving process.
Using a barrier device during CPR is essential in preventing infection. Face masks and barrier devices are recommended. Ensure the barrier device is worn when giving breaths and performing the other steps of CPR. Remember that chest compressions must be hard and fast and should not be prolonged. If the infant cannot breathe independently, the rescuer must use a barrier device to prevent infection. In addition, the rescuer should use a barrier device while giving breaths. The breathing should last at least one second, and the chest should rise with each breath.
If an infant can’t breathe independently, they should receive two rescue breaths after thirty chest compressions. This ratio is approximately 100 to 120 chest compressions per minute. It is important to note that adults need to breathe every six seconds, but infants need one breath every six seconds. Therefore, the two-rescuer infant CPR technique is highly effective for infants up to the age of one. You can also use this technique in an emergency when you must perform CPR on a child who has collapsed.
In a witnessed cardiac arrest, two rescuers should begin performing CPR immediately. If the AED is unavailable, use a manual defibrillator until the emergency response rescuers arrive. A recent pediatric study showed that combining chest compressions and ventilations results in better outcomes. Two rescuers can deliver ventilations to delay cardiac arrest by an average of 18 seconds, and two can use even shorter intervals.